Krishna Sankar

2nd order sigma delta modulator

In a previous post, the variance of the in-band quantization noise for a first order sigma delta modulator was derived. Taking it one step furhter, let us find the variance of the quantization noise filtered by a second order filter. With a first order filter, the quantization noise passes through a system with transfer function…

Read More

Sigma delta modulation

In an earlier post, it was mentioned that delta modulator without the quantizer is identical to convolving an input sequence with . Let us first try to validate that thought using a small MATLAB example and using the delta modulator circuit shown in Figure 9.13a of DSP-Proakis [1]. % delta modulation xn = sin(2*pi*1/64*[0:63]); xhatn…

Read More