Articles

## OT: Happy Schools Blog

Mr. Raghuram contacted me and informed about Happy Schools Blog. He writes about Graduate School Admission in U.S., Job opportunities for students, University Selection based on his personal experience. He recently published few articles which might of interest to some of our readers. Here are the URL for few articles:

## Chi Square Random Variable

While trying to derive the theoretical bit error rate (BER) for BPSK modulation in a Rayleigh fading channel, I realized that I need to discuss chi square random variable prior. What is chi-square random variable? Let there be independent and identically distributed Gaussian random variables with mean and variance and we form a new random…

## ICCBN 2008, July 17-20 2008, IISc, Bangalore

Advanced Computing and Communication Society (ACS) of India is organizing ICCBN 2008 conference (International Conference on Communication, Convergence, and Broadband Networking) from July 17th to 20th 2008 at National Science Seminar Complex at Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore. ICCBN Conference aims to provide a premier forum for researchers, industry practitioners and educators to present…

## Deriving PDF of Rayleigh random variable

In the post on Rayleigh channel model, we stated that a circularly symmetric random variable is of the form , where real and imaginary parts are zero mean independent and identically distributed (iid) Gaussian random variables. The magnitude which has the probability density, is called a Rayleigh random variable.Â Further, the phase is uniformly distributed from…

## Rayleigh multipath channel model

The article gives a quick overview of a simple statistical multipath channel model called Rayleigh fading channel model. Multipath environment In a multipath environment, it is reasonably intuitive to visualize that an impulse transmitted from transmitter will reach the receiver as a train of impulses.

## Comparing BPSK, QPSK, 4PAM, 16QAM, 16PSK, 64QAM and 32PSK

I have written another article in DSPDesginLine.com. This article can be treated as the third post in the series aimed at understanding Shannon’s capacity equation. For the first two posts in the series are: 1. Understanding Shannon’s capacity equation 2. Bounds on Communication based on Shannonâ€™s capacity The article summarizes the symbol error rate derivations…

## Trying out PAPR reduction for OFDM by multiplication with j

In this post, we will explore a probable way of reducing PAPR (peak to average power ratio) in OFDM by changing the phase of some of the subcarriers. This is in response to the comment to post on Peak to Average power ratio for OFDM, where Mr. Elibom suggested to reduce the PAPR by cyclically…